Yoshinori Watanabe is an associate professor in the Faculty of Education and Human Studies at
Akita University. He received his Ph.D. from Lancaster University in the UK. He has also been
involved in a number of research projects, including the investigation of curricular innovations
commissioned by the MEXT Ministry, a comparative study of English abilities of Japanese, Korean and
Chinese high school students, and so forth. In 2004 he coedited Washback in Language Testing with
Liying Cheng and Andrew Curtis. This interview was conducted electronically in May 2005.